University of Minnesota
College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences
http://www.cfans.umn.edu
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Publications

Of interest to Beekeepers

The Benefits of Propolis, Marla Spivak, PhD, www.bee-craft.com

Boots on the Ground, MEA McNeil

Getting Bees Back on their Own Six Feet, MEA McNeil

Practical sampling plans for Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) in Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies and apiaries August 2010

The plight of bees August 2010

The future of the MN Hygienic stock of bees is in good hands! October 2009

Socialized Medicine: Individual and communal disease barriers in honey bees June 2009

New Direction for the Minnesota Hygienic Line of Bees Dec 2008

Conserving Pollinators: A Primer for Gardeners March 2009

Bee Health: Putting Control in Last Place. American Bee Journal November 2008

Why are honey bees collapsing? Mar 2007

A Sustainable Approach to Controlling Honey Bee Diseases and Varroa Mites

In the News: Popular Press

TED talk, Why Bees are disappearing, Marla Spivak PhD, 

Secrets of the Hive; Propolis might have life-saving properties, By Sara Specht, Solutions, Winter 2008

The Bee Queen, Minnesota Magazine, Nov 2005

The Life-giving Secret of Bees, The Rake, Sept 2005

Minnesota Bee Research and Extension (pdf), Bee Culture, Jan 2004

Honey Bee Cell Line

Goblirsch MJ, Spivak MS, Kurtti TJ. 2013. A cell line resource derived from Honey bee(Apis mellifera) embryonic tissue. PLoS One 8(7) e69831.

Studies on Social Immunity

Evans J.D., Spivak M. 2010. Socialized Medicine: Individual and communal disease barriers in honey bees. J. Invert. Pathol. 103:S62-S72.


Wilson-Rich N, Spivak M, Fefferman NH, Starks, PT. 2009 Genetic, individual, and group facilitation of disease resistance in insect societies. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 54: 405-23.

 

Studies on Propolis

Wilson MB, Spivak M, Hegeman AD, Rendahl A, Cohen JD. 2013. Metabolomics reveals the origins of antimicrobial resins collected by honey bees. PLoSOne 8(10): e77512. doi:10.1371 /journal.pone.0077512

Simone-Finstrom, MD, Spivak M. 2012. Increased resin collection after parasite challenge: A case of self-medication in honey bees? PLoSOne 7(3): e34601. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034601

Simone M, Gardner J, Spivak M. 2010. Tactile learning in resin foraging honeybees. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 64: 1609-1617

Simone M, Spivak M. 2010. Propolis and bee health: the natural history and significance of resin use by honey bees. Special Issue on Bee Health: Apidologie. 41: 295–311

Simone M, Evans J, Spivak M. 2009. Resin collection and social immunity. Evolution 63: 3016-30222

Gekker, G., Hu, S., Spivak, M., Lokensgard, J.R., Peterson, P.K. 2005. Anti-HIV-1 activity of propolis in CD4+ lymphocyte and microglial cell cultures. J. Ethnopharmacology 102: 158-163.

Bastos, EMA, Simone, M, Jorge, D , Soares, AEE, Spivak, M. 2007. In vitro study of the antimicrobial activity of Brazilian and Minnesota, USA propolis against Paenibacillus larvae. J. Invertebr. Pathol. online

Studies on Nosema

Gobrlirsch M, Huang Z, Spivak M. In Press 2013. Physiological and behavioral changes in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) induced by Nosema ceranae infectionPLoSOne

 

Wild and Native Bees

Evans, E., Spivak, M. 2006. Effects of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and bumblebee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) presence on cranberry (Ericales: Ericaceae) pollinationJ. Econ. Entomol. 99: 614-620.

Evans, E., I. Burns, and M. Spivak. 2007. Befriending Bumble Bees: a Practical Guide to Raising Local Bumble Bees. University of MN Extension, MN. available

 

Hygienic Behavior as a Mechanism of Resistance to Diseases and Mites:

Palacio MA, Rodriguez E, Goncalves L, Bedascarrasbure E, Spivak M. 2010. Hygienic behaviors of honey bees in response to brood experimentally pin-killed or infected with Ascosphaera apis. Apidologie 41: 602-612

Swanson J, Torto B, Kells S, Mesce K, Tumlinson J, Spivak M. 2009. Volatile compounds from chalkbrood Ascosphaera apis infected larvae elict honey bee (Apis mellifera) hygienic behavior. J. Chem. Ecol. 35: 11088-1116

Wilson-Rich N, Spivak M, Fefferman NH, Starks, PT. 2009 Genetic, individual, and group facilitation of disease resistance in insect societies. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 54: 405-23.

Ibrahim, A., Reuter, GS, Spivak, M. 2007. Field trial of honey bee colonies bred for mechanisms of resistance against Varroa destructor. Apidologie 38: 67-76.

Ibrahim, A., Spivak, M. 2006. The relationship between hygienic behavior and suppression of mite reproduction as honey bee mechanisms of resistance to Varroa destructor. Apidologie. 37: 31-40.

Mondragon, L., Spivak, M., Vandame, R. 2005. A multifactorial study of the resistance of Africanized and hybrid honey bees Apis mellifera to the mite Varroa destructor over one year in Mexico. Apidologie. 36: 345-358.

Flores, JM, Spivak, M., Guiterrez, I. 2005. Spores of Ascosphaera apis contained in wax foundation can pass on chalkbrood in honey bees. Veterinary Microbiology. 108: 141-144.

Spivak, M., Reuter, G.S. 2005 A Sustainable Approach to Controlling Honey Bee Diseases and Varroa Mites. Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) Fact Sheet.

Spivak, M., Reuter, G.S. 2001 Resistance to American foulbrood disease by honey bee colonies, Apis mellifera, bred for hygienic behavior. Apidologie 32: 555-565.

Spivak, M., Reuter, G. S. 2001. Varroa jacobsoni infestation in untreated honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies selected for hygienic behavior. J. Econ. Entomol 94(1): 326-331.

Spivak, M., Gilliam, M. 1998. Hygienic behaviour of honey bees and its application for control of brood diseases and varroa mites. Part I: Hygienic behaviour and resistance to American foulbrood. Bee World 79:124-134. Part II: Studies on hygienic behaviour since the Rothenbuhler era. Bee World 79: 165-182.

Spivak, M., Downey , D. 1998. Field assays for hygienic behavior in honey bees (Apidae: Hymenoptera). J. Econ. Entomol. 91(1): 64-70.

Spivak, M., Reuter, G.S. 1998. Performance of hygienic honey bee colonies in a commercial apiary. Apidologie. 29: 291-302.

Spivak, M. 1996. Honey bee hygienic behavior and defense against Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 27: 245-260.

Spivak M, Gilliam M. 1993. Facultative expression of hygienic behaviour of honey bees in relation to disease resistance. J. Apicultural Res. 32(3/4): 147-157.
   

Neuroethology of Honey Bee Hygienic Behavior

Wilson-Rich N, Spivak M, Fefferman NH, Starks, PT. 2009 Genetic, individual, and group facilitation of disease resistance in insect societies. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 54: 405-23.

Arathi, H.S., Ho, G., Spivak M. 2006. Inefficient task partitioning among nonhgienic honeybees, Apis mellifera l., and implications for disease transmission. Animal Behaviour 72: 431-438.

Goode, K, Huber, Z, Mesce, KA, Spivak, M. 2005. The relationships of honey bee (Apis mellifera) behaviors in the context of octopamine neuromodulation: hygienic behavior is independent of sucrose responsiveness and foraging ontogeny. Hormones and Behavior. 49: 391-397.

Gramacho, KP and Spivak M. 2003. Differences in olfactory sensitivity and behavioral responses among honey bees bred for hygienic behavior. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 54: 472-479.

Spivak, M., Masterman, R., Ross, R., Mesce, KA. 2003. Hygienic behavior in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) and the modulatory role of octopamine. J. Neurobiol. 55: 341-354.

Lapidge, K., Oldroyd, B., Spivak, M. 2002.Seven suggestive quantitative trait loci influence hygienic behavior of honey bees. Naturwissenschaften 89: 565-568.

Masterman, R. Ross, R., Mesce, K., Spivak, M. 2001. Olfactory and behavioral response thresholds to odors of diseased brood differ between hygienic and non-hygienic honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) J. Comp Physiol. A 187: 441-452.

Arathi, H.S., Spivak, M. 2001 Influence of colony genotypic composition on the performance of hygienic behavior in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L). Animal Behavior 62: 57-66.

Arathi, H.S., Burns, I. , Spivak, M. 2000. Ethology of hygienic behaviour in the honey bee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Behavioural repertoire of hygienic bees. Ethology 106: 1-15.

Masterman, R., Smith, B. Spivak, M. 2000. M. Evaluation of brood odor discrimination abilities in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) using proboscis extension reflex conditioning. J. Insect Behav. 13(1): 87-101.

Boecking, O., Spivak, M. 1999. Behavioral defenses of honey bees against Varroa jacobsoni Oud. Apidologie 30: 141-158.

Spivak, M. 1996. Honey bee hygienic behavior and defense against Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 27: 245-260.

Spivak, M., Gilliam, M. 1993. Facultative expression of hygienic behaviour of honey bees in relation to disease resistance. J. of Apicultural Res. 32(3/4): 147-157.

 

 

Older Studies on Africanized Bees by Spivak

Spivak M. 1992. The relative success of Africanized and European honey bees over a range of life-zones in Costa Rica. J. Applied Ecology 29(19):150-163.

Spivak M, Erickson E Jr. 1992. Do measurements of worker cell size reliably distinguish Africanized from European honey bees (Apis mellifera L.)? Am. Bee J. 132(4): 252-255.

Smith R-K, Spivak M,Taylor OR Jr, Bennett C, Smith ML. 1992. Chemotaxonomy of Africanized bees. Part 3: Identification of Africanized honey bee queens. Bee Science 2:93-105.

Spivak M, Castro AL, Segreda F, Ramirez W. 1989. Honey production by Africanized and European Honey Bees in Costa Rica. Apidologie 20:207-220.

Taylor OR Spivak M. 1984. Climatic limits of tropical African honeybees in the Americas. Bee World 65(1):38-47.

Spivak M, Fletcher DJC, Breed MD, editors. 1991. The “African” Honey Bee. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado. 450 pp.

Spivak M. 1991. The Africanization process in Costa Rica. In: The “African” Honey Bee. ed. M. Spivak, D.J.C. Fletcher, M.D. Breed, pp. 130-148. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.

Spivak M, Ranker T, Taylor OR, Taylor W, Davis L. 1988. Discrimination of Africanized honey bees using cell size, behavior, morphometrics and a newly discovered isozyme polymorphism. In: Africanized Honey Bees and Bee Mites. ed. R. Page, G. Needham, M. Delfinado-Baker, C.E. Bowman, pp. 313-324. Ellis Horwood Limited, Chichester, England.

A Collection of Other Spivak Publications

Spivak M, Boecking O. 2001. Honey bee resistance to Varroa jacobsoni mites. In: Mites of the Honey Bee ( T Webster & K Delaplane, eds). pp. 205-227. Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, IL

Otis GW, Taylor OR, Jr, Spivak M, Winston ML, Katz SJ, Kukuk PF. 1999. Timing of mating flights of neotropical African and European honey bee queens and drones (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in eastern Venezuela. Univ. Kansas Nat. Hist. Mus. Spec. Publ. 24: 90-96.

Calderone NW, Wilson WT, Spivak M. 1997. Evaluation of plant extracts for control of the parasitic mites Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae) and Acarapis woodi (Acari: Tarsonemideae) in colonies of the Western honey bee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) J. Econ. Entomol. 90: 1080-1086.

Spivak M. 1996. Honey bee hygienic behavior and defense against Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 27: 245-260.

Calderone NW, Spivak M. 1995. Plant extracts for control of the parasitic mite, Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae), in colonies of the Western honey bee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 88(5): 1211-1215.

Smith R-K, Spivak M, Taylor OR, Bennett C, Smith ML. 1993. Maturation of tergal gland alkene profiles in European honey bee queens Apis mellifera L. J. Chem Ecol. 19: 133-42

DeGrandi-Hoffman G, Spivak M, Martin JE. 1993. The influence of temperature on cuticular color of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queens. Apidologie 24: 101-108.

DeGrandi-Hoffman G, Spivak M, Martin JE. 1993. The role of thermoregulation by nestmates on honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queen development time and color. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 86(2): 165-172.

Spivak M, Zeltzer A, DeGrandi-Hoffman G, Martin J. 1992. The influence of temperature during pupation on the development time and color of queen bees. Environ. Entomol. 21(2): 364-370.

Spivak M, Conlon D, Bell W. 1991. Wind-guided landing and search behavior in blowflies and fleshflies exploiting a resource patch (Diptera: Calliphoridae, Sarcophagidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 84(4):447-452.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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